top of page

Welcome to the Interactive Feminist History Tree Ring





       50,000 BCE: Goddesses are worshiped. 

  • 10,000-3000: BCE Women are healers, shamans, and warriors. A number of societies acknowledge multiple genders.

  • 3100 BCE: Literacy develops, and seeds of patriarchy spread.

  • 2400 BCE: Mesopotamian law declares: “If a woman speaks to a man out of turn, her teeth will be smashed in by a burnt brick.” 

  • 200 BCE: Goddess worship is forbidden in Judaism, and later, in Islam and Christianity.

  • 690:  Wu Zetian becomes the first—and only—female ruler of China.  

  • 1100: Matrilineal and matriarchal Hopi tribe establishes the community of Oraibi in present-day Arizona.

  • 1450 - 1918: 50,000 women tortured and executed as witches across Europe and America.

  • 1576 -1610: Queen Amina rules over Zazzau (present-day Nigeria).

  • 1690s: Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz becomes the first published feminist in the Americas.

  • 1776-1860s: Abortion up to four months of pregnancy is legal in the United States.

  • 1880s: Inspired by indigenous and abolitionist leaders and British suffragists, first-wave feminism gains momentum in the United States.

  • 1920: 19th Amendment grants US women the right to vote, although most women of color are disenfranchised until the passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act.

  • 1920: The Soviet Union legalizes abortion.

  • 1960: FDA approves birth control pill in the United States

  • 1960: Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka) becomes the first woman to be elected to lead a democratic country.

  • 1962: Dolores Huerta co-founds US National Farm Workers' Association.

  • 1960s: Second-wave feminism begins with leaders including Dorothy Pitman Hughes, Betty Friedan, Gloria Steinem, Flo Kennedy, and Shirley Chisholm.

  • 1963: First woman in space Valentina Tereshkova flies a solo mission and orbits Earth 48 times.

  • 1972: Title IX prohibits gender-based discrimination in US federally-funded educational programs and activities.

  • 1972: The US Senate approves addition of the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution. (The states have not yet ratified it.)

  • 1973: Roe vs. Wade legalizes abortion in all US states and territories.

  • 1974-1980: The Combahee River Women’s Collective calls out the interconnectedness of sexism, racism, and homophobia, and demands change in mainstream feminism and civil rights movement.

  • 1975: Icelandic Women’s Strike held to protest inequality in the workplace and the home. 90% of women participate, and 15 years later Iceland elects a woman president.

  • 1989: Kimberlé Crenshaw defines the concept of intersectionality and ushers in third-wave feminism.

  • 1993: Women allowed to wear pants on the floor of the US Senate.

  • 2006: Tarana Burke begins #MeToo movement.

  • 2016: Hillary Rodham Clinton receives the majority of votes in the US presidential election.

  • 2017: An estimated 5 million people attend Women’s Marches globally. #MeToo goes viral.

  • 2017: Oregon becomes first state to include non-binary gender category on IDs.

  • 2020-2022: US elects first female Vice President Kamala Harris and first trans State Senator, Sarah McBride; Ketanji Brown Jackson becomes first Black woman confirmed to  Supreme Court.

  • 2022: 

    • Roe v. Wade is overturned, eviscerating federal protection of reproductive rights in the U.S.

    • Globally, 65 countries have legalized abortions, four in the last year.

    • Globally, 86 women have been elected president or prime minister to date

  • Today:


bottom of page